What You Should Know About STD

Sexually transmitted disease (STD) or sexually transmitted infection (STI) is spreading rapidly worldwide. In 2015, it has been reported that one million new STD cases are registered everyday around the world. STDs also do not show any symptoms in most cases, so there is no way of telling whether you are infected or not. This lack of knowledge and awareness can worsen your situation and contribute in spreading STD further. The only way to find out is through STD testing, and this is exactly why you need to take it. There is no shame in being cautious. If you test negative, yay! If you test positive, then you can seek medical attention before things get worst. It’s a win-win situation. Check out the STD centers around San Diego here.

STD testing

Who undergoes STD testing?

Consider STD centers around San Diego if you:

  • are a victim of sexual abuse
  • had sexual intercourse with more than one partner
  • had sexual intercourse with someone who had sexual intercourse with another person
  • had been exposed to intravenous (IV) drugs
  • are pregnant or planning to have a baby

What are the most common STDs?

  • Chlamydia: While chlamydia can be cured easily, it can cause permanent women reproduction problems. However, this does not spare males from the infection.
    • Symptoms: painful urination, abnormal discharge from penis or vagina, swollen testicles
  • Genital Herpes: This STD is caused by either herpes simplex type 1 or type 2. It is difficult to determine genital herpes without getting an STD test because the blisters are easily mistaken for pimples.
    • Symptoms: blisters on and around the mouth, genitals, and rectum
  • Gonorrhea: Gonorrhea, which is common in the age group 15 to 24 years old, involves genital infection, rectum infection, and throat infection.
    • Symptoms: painful urination, colored discharge from penis, increased discharge from vagina, swollen testicles, frequent vaginal bleeding
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): HIV affects the immune system, disabling the body’s ability to fight infections as it should. It’s as if having your body’s guard down. Research has not yet found a cure for HIV but recent advancements have found a way to control it.
    • Symptoms: chills, fatigue, fever, mouth ulcer, rash, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, etc.
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV): HPV is a very common STD, with one out of four people in the US affected. It is a group of over 150 viruses that can cause genital warts and different cancers such as cervical, vaginal, among others.
    • Symptoms: no visible signs
  • Syphilis: Syphilis is a bacterial infection that has four stages: primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary.
    • Symptoms: varies with stage

How is STD test conducted?

There are different ways to conduct STD test. Depending on your doctor’s recommendations based on initial findings, you will usually go through more than one method. Here are the most common procedures:

  • Blood test— genital herpes, HIV, and syphilis
  • HPV test— HPV
  • Pap test— HPV
  • Swabbing inside the genitals— chlamydia and gonorrhea
  • Swabbing of genital sores (if applicable)— HIV and syphilis
  • Urine test— chlamydia and gonorrhea